In the history of horse racing there have been a few horses that are remembered through the years for their impressive accomplishments. It is not secret that there is one accomplishment that keeps horses in the memory of horse racing fans. That accomplishment is of course winning the Triple Crown. The Triple Crown is rare, but each of the horses that have won the Triple Crown have been remembered as legends.The Triple Crown is won when a horse wins the Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes and the Belmont Stakes. These are the three biggest races in the American horse racing scene and the winner is revered as a hero. Citation was the 8th horse to ever win the Triple Crown. While those three wins in his career were huge, he was by no means a horse that only won three races.Citation was bred by Calumet Farm in Lexington, Kentucky.
He began to race as a two year old at Havre de Grace, Maryland. From the beginning it was clear that this horse was special as he managed to win his first race ever. He continued on to impress his competition as he broke the Arlington Park record in the second start of his career. He raced just 9 races in his first year and managed to win 8 of the races. He was named the 1947 champion 2 year old colt for his impressive showing through the year.As a three year old he continued to show his value as he beat Armed, the horse of the year from the previous year two times to start the year. He continued to beat older horses and this year would be the biggest year of his career. Throughout the year the horse managed to win 9 major races.
These races included the Tanforan Handicap, Flamingo Stakes, Kentucky Derby, Preakness States, Belmont Stakes, Stars and Stripes Handicap, Jockey Club Gold Cup, American Derby and the Pimlico Special. Besides being the 1948 Triple Crown Champion, he was also named the champion 3 year old colt and the U.S. Horse of the Year.While many horses finish their careers with less on their record than Citation, Citation was not done after that point. As a 5 year old the horse came back into the national scene and managed to win a couple more big races. The notable wins for Citation in 1950 included the Hollywood Gold Cup and the San Francisco Breeders' Cup Mile.
As a 6 year old the horse continued to race and won another major race at the American Handicap. Citation was named as the champion older horse in 1951 and went over the 1 million dollar mark in terms of earnings. From that point he retired to stud.Citation was inducted into the United States Racing Hall of Fame in 1959 and was added to the "Top 100 U.S. Racehorses of the 20th Century." He was named the 3rd best horses of the 20th century on the top 100 list and is remembered as one of the all-time greats.
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